Hu went on to describe Hu went on to describe "a wild world of mobile applications" that is reshaping everything around us

Ken Hu, deputy chairman and rotating CEO of Huawei, has called upon operators to build application-centric networks and help establish an open ecosystem. In support of these efforts, at the seventh annual Mobile Broadband Forum (MBBF), jointly hosted by Huawei, GSMA, and GTI, he announced X Labs, a new research platform that will bring together operators, technology providers, and vertical industry partners to jointly explore future use cases for mobile applications, drive innovation in business and technology, and promote an open industry ecosystem.

Hu went on to describe "a wild world of mobile applications" that is reshaping everything around us, from our everyday lives to the way that businesses and societies operate.

"The first opportunity we see is in video. Video has become the most popular form of content delivery in media, social, and professional communications, like marketing," Hu said. "Video and images now account for more than 60% of mobile network traffic. Entertainment video is the largest part of this market, with plenty of room for operator involvement. In industrial applications, mobile video solutions for public safety, traffic surveillance, and logistics are also brimming with opportunity. And in the video communications domain, live video has become a huge global phenomenon."

Beyond video, the second major opportunity for carriers is in the household market. Right now, there are around two billion households in the world. Of these, 1.3 billion don't have broadband connections, and 300 million have connections slower than 10 Mbps. These 1.6 billion households are an ideal market for wireless broadband. To date, more than 100 telecom operators have deployed Huawei's wireless-to-the-x solutions (WTTx), covering 30 million households. Payback periods have proven to be far shorter than those for fixed broadband networks.

The third opportunity identified by Hu, the vertical market, is on the verge of explosive growth. Mobile networks have become the key enabler of digital transformation, and against this backdrop, Hu encouraged operators to identify specific opportunities that can best leverage the capabilities of mobile communications, and then adopt a fresh mindset when it comes to collaboration. He emphasized that service providers and industry players have to work closely together to more effectively adjust to new and complex business models.

In order to seize these three opportunities in the video, household, and vertical markets, existing networks need to evolve from technology-centric to application-centric. According to Hu, this evolution depends on three key factors: connectivity, architecture, and application-enablement platforms.

X Labs is a research platform designed to explore three separate areas of mobile communications: people, verticals, and household. The mLab (short for "mobile user experience lab") focuses on how to create immersive user experience in emerging mobile applications like video, live streaming, VR and AR. vLab focuses on vertical applications, exploring how mobile technology can enable the digital transformation process of all vertical industries. The third lab in the X Labs initiative, hLab, focuses on connecting more households and leveraging broadband connections to develop smart home applications.